What is Tea Tree Oil?
Tea Tree Oil is an essential oil, pale yellow in colour with a fresh camphoraceous smell. It is extracted from the leaves of the Melaleuca alternifolia which is native to the Lismore region of New South Wales. It grows in a limited area of no less than 50 square kilometers, this is the natural habitat of the tree, the low lying, spongy rainforest area of Australia. There have been numerous attempts at trying to grow Tea Tree in several other places in the world, but the result has been sub-standard with either the oil quality or the trees not maturing.
The oil from the Melaleuca alternifolia is fungicidal, antiseptic, and antibacterial, and has the unique feature that it restores the skin's normal bacterial flora and heals the skin without harming the normal cell and tissue growth.
There are approximately 110 different species of Melaleuca. However, it is only the oil from Melaleuca alternifolia that has the right mix of 150 ingredients, mainly cineole (stimulant expectorant) and terpinen-4-ol (main antibacterial component) that gives the oil its unique antiseptic and skin friendly properties.